The Memmius Monument on the right side if Curetes Street. At the base of each arch was hand carved stone work. Most of the figures were lost. The figures still visible in the monument are of Memmius and his father, Gaius and his grandfather the dictator Sculla. The monument was built in the first century.
This monument was constructed during the reign of Augustus in the 1st century A.D by Memmius, the grandson of dictator Sulla, to remind the people that a three year revolt throughout Asia Minor that had lasted three years was put down by Sulla in 88 B.C. The figures of Memmius's father and grandfather [Sulla] endure on the blocks today, nearly two thousand years later.
The Memmius Monument. The Ephesians lent support to Mithridates, king of Pontus, in his attempt to conquer the region in defiance of Rome. Having achieved his aim, he ordered a massacre of all Roman citizens in the region, in which, according to some sources, as many as 80,000 perished in a single night. This monument was erected by the dictator Sulla in 86 B.C. as a symbol of Roman authority in Ephesus and as a memorial of this event.