North of the Golden Horn is the old Italian district of old Constantinople. The most prominent surviving relic from the Genoese here is the Galata Tower which has fantastic views of some of the most historic real estate in the world. The Galata Tower is a medieval stone tower in the Galata/Karaköy quarter of Istanbul, just to the north of the Golden Horn. Originally built by the Genoese in 1348 under the name Tower of Christ. The tower was the apex of the fortifications of the citadel of Galata. and offers a panoramic vista of Old Istanbul or Constantinople and its environs.
The views of the old city from the tower are breath-taking, especially at sunset. It doesn't look like much, but the tower is pretty high up, giving a nice view of Istanbul. Is 62 meters high so it was the highest of Istanbul at the time of being built building. Its height plus 35 meters elevation above the sea from its base, made in Ottoman times was used lookout, especially to detect fires. The tower itself has suffered some damage during his lifetime and has been practically recontruida several times. Currently the tower is open to the public and its observatory is one of the best places to see the city.
There is a restaurant and café on its upper floors which commands a magnificent view of Istanbul and the Bosphorus. Also located on the upper floors is a nightclub which hosts a Turkish show. There are two operating elevators that carry visitors from the lower level to the upper levels.
The Galata Tower has been used as a jail, a dormitory, a site for rappelling competitions, and a launching pad in the 17th century when Hezarfen Ahmet Çelebi attached wings to his arms and glided all the way to Üsküdar. Being one of the oldest and the most important towers in the world, it was made using wood by Byzantine empire in 507 under the name Lighthouse Tower.
The neighbourhood of Galata, located on a steep hump of land north of the Golden Horn and historic peninsula, actually sits on the earliest foundations of the city, dating, as far as present-day archaeologists can tell, to Greek and Roman times. At one time, it was covered in gardens and vineyards; indeed the ancient Greeks called the district "Sykai," meaning "place of fig gardens".