This is the main street between the library and the Great Theatre and was originally part of the processional road stretching to the Artemis Temple; evidence of wheeled (chariots) vehicles can be seen here. On the west side somewhere in the middle of the marble road, on the pavement is a piece of marble with graffiti showing a woman with a crown, a heart and a left foot.
This is accepted as being the earliest advertisement in the world and directs people to the nearby brothel, popular with visiting sailors. The Marble paved Street stretches about 400 meters from the Magnesia gate at the southeast of Ephesus to the Koresos gate at the northwest side and was rebuilt in the 5th century A.D.
The sewer system which passes under it stretches to the sea. The west side of the street was built by the emperor Nero between 58 and 68 A.D. It is known that there was an open air Auditorium between the Marble Street and the Celsius Library, in which discussions were conducted and poetry recited..