In mythology the curates were demi-gods, a name which was used for the priests in Ephesus. The street is the central street in the city leading to the Celsus Library further down. There were mosaics and galleries of columns on either side of the street.
Some of the column pedestals bore inscriptions reminding citizens of those who had been benefactors of the city. For example there was the statue of Consul Stephanos, now in Ephesus Museum. The street was paved with marble and had a well-developed sewer system underneath.