Bodrum Castle

Bodrum Castle
As soon as you arrive the Bodrum you will see the silhouette of the castle, which is visible from almost every angle of Bodrum. St. Peter was originally used as a fortress, & its dungeons were frequently put to use by the various conquerors of Bodrum. Visiting Bodrum castle might just be one of the highlights of your holiday.St. Peter's Castle was built by the Knights of St. John of Rhodes in early 15 th C. as a military stronghold. It is a very good example of medieval arhitecture. It has massive walls, five towers and seven gates. A number of incriptions and coats of arms can be seen at various places of the castle.

Whether viewed from the sea or the land, Bodrum’s famous castle is an impressive example of medieval architecture. Construction of the castle took years to complete and occupying some 30.000 square feet at its base. In its days, the castle was a monumental symbol of the unity of Christian Europe against the ascending power of the Ottoman Empire.

According to Herodotus, born B.C. 484 in Halikarnassus (ancient name for Bodrum), the city was founded by the Dorians. Megarans enlarged the city B.C. 650 and changed its name to Halikarnassus, and then Persians started to rule the city from B.C. 386. Halikarnassus had its glorious days, when it was the capital of the Karia B.C. 353. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Mausoleum, was built there by Artemisia for the memory of King Mausolos.

The castle is in excellent condition, it now houses a one of the world’s finest museums (with exhibits on underwater archaeology). Mostly stones used in the construction come from the tomb of king Mausoleum of Halicarnassus. Mausoleum’s massive construction survived for centuries until an earthquake brought it down in medieval times. The knights used the ruins as a stone quarry. In 1522, while reinforcing the castle, they even discovered the funerary chamber of the king, whose treasures were quickly looted. In the 15th century AD, the Knights of St John invaded the region (whose headquarters were on Rhodes Island) and began constructing the castle that we see today.

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