The ruins behind the Hadrian Temple are the largest baths found in Ephesus, the baths of Scholastica. The construction of the baths dates to the first century, but in the fourth century, a wealthy woman in Ephesus called Scholastica restored the structure and gave her name to the baths.
The original structure was thought to have been three-storied but by the time the upper two stories collapsed. The baths have two entrances, one from the Curetes Street, which is the main entrance, and the other from the side street. Entering from the main gate, the baths make a circle inside; so that one could first go to the dressing room (apodyterium), cold room (frigidarium), warm room (tepidarium), and hot room (caldarium) and could reach the entrance again. The second floor was used for masseage and scrubbe as a therapy.
Caldarium’s floor is made of marble, built over brick supports, and under it flowed hot water. Today, one can see the clay pipes that carried hot air through the baths. The baths could house a thousand customers, and contained a library and entertainment rooms. The statue of Scholastica stands in the dressing room.
It was built in the First Century and restored in the Fourth Century by a rich Christian lady called Scholastica. On the left of the eastern entrance, you can see her statue without head.